Reuters | Tue Apr 27, 2010 | 2:55pm IST
Anti-government protesters forced Bangkok’s elevated railway system to shut on Tuesday, and the government warned of tougher operations to quell growing unrest in a seven-week crisis that has killed 26 people. Thailand’s revered but ailing 82-year-old King Bhumibol Adulyadej, regarded as the nation’s sole unifying figure, spoke publicly late on Monday for the first time since the turmoil erupted in his kingdom. He did not directly address the political stalemate, telling newly sworn-in judges to perform their duty honestly and set an example to the public. He has stepped into previous political tussles, including one that ended a bloody conflict in 1992. Hopes for an end to the standoff were dashed at the weekend when Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva rejected a proposal by the protesters for an election in three months, saying an immediate poll could turn violent and refusing to negotiate under threat.
Anti-government protesters said they planned to go on the offensive on Wednesday with daily mobile rallies across Bangkok, a provocative move in defiance of a state of emergency that could lead to clashes with troops or with rival protest groups. "We will start rallying to places on motorcycles and pick-up trucks for a few hours a day to distribute pamphlets and create understanding among Bangkok people about what are doing," said Kwanchai Praipanna, a red-shirt protester. "If the troops stop us, we will break through roadblocks." Deputy Prime Minister Suthep Thuangsuban vowed action to prevent that. "It is clear the protesters are not gathering peacefully. We will not be lenient with these people anymore."
POLITICAL SOLUTION PREFERRED
The red-shirted supporters of ousted former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra have fortified their encampment in Bangkok’s commercial heart that has forced five major shopping plazas to close, saying they fear an imminent crackdown. But the army, which led a failed operation against a red shirt rally site on April 10 that
killed 25 people and wounded 800, does not want to be dragged into battle with civilians. "The army would rather see the government exhaust political means first," a military source told Reuters on condition of anonymity because he was not authorised to speak to the press. "We need to prevent trouble from spreading and containing the unrest, but actually ending it altogether would be very difficult without a political solution as well," he said. Adding to the volatile mix, groups opposed to the red shirts and the loss to business and livelihoods the protests have caused in Bangkok, have held rallies in the capital and want to see the red shirt encampment broken up.
The mostly rural and urban poor red shirts inflicted traffic chaos in Bangkok on Tuesday by stacking tyres on the platform of a station by their protest site, apparently worried troops would use the elevated rail system to attack them from above. Operating company BTS closed the network for nearly four hours during morning rush hour. The trains carry around 450,000 passengers a day in the city of roughly 15 million people. Overnight, red shirts massed on the Vipavadi-Rangsit road, a main thoroughfare into Bangkok in the northern suburbs, trying to stop the army and police from sending reinforcements into the capital. Some army trucks got through. Analysts say the deadlock and a possible deterioration in law and order could continue for weeks, carving into Southeast Asia’s second-biggest economy, with consumer confidence flagging and the tourist industry suffering, especially in the capital. Another three months of protests could shave 0.64 of a percentage point off Thailand’s 2010 economic growth forecast of 4.5 percent, the government said on Monday. The stock market has been volatile, despite a good start to the quarterly results season. Stocks were down around 0.30 percent by 0800 gmt, in line with other Asian markets.
OVERTHROW THE MONARCHY
As the impasse deepens, the government is stepping up accusations that some senior figures in the protest movement want to overthrow the monarchy. Red shirt leaders frequently pledge allegiance to the monarchy but accuse the king’s senior advisors of meddling in politics and orchestrating a 2006 coup that toppled Thaksin. Some analysts see the charges as an attempt to build public support for a harsh crackdown, noting similar accusations preceded tough action against student activists in the 1970s. Army spokesman Sansern Kaewkamnerd distributed a chart late on Monday showing the names of people the authorities said were involved in a network to undermine the monarchy. The list includes Thaksin, several red shirt leaders, academics and others involved in anti-government radio stations and websites.
The government has suggested members of the red shirt movement may have a republican agenda in a country where the king is regarded as almost divine. The red shirts deny this. Tough lese majeste laws restrict discussion of the monarchy. Thaksin, a former telecoms tycoon revered by the poor and reviled by Bangkok’s elite, was convicted in absentia on corruption-related charges and lives abroad to avoid jail. CNN broadcast of Thaksin speaking in Montenegro, where he is now a citizen, went abruptly off air on Tuesday, replaced with a cable operator statement apologising for the interruption. The government has banned opposition media broadcasts during its emergency decree.